Pumpkins are commonly carved into decorative lanterns called jack-o’-lanterns for the Halloween season in North America. Throughout Britain and Ireland, there is a long tradition of carving lanterns from vegetables, particularly the turnip, mangelwurzel, or swede.[32][33] The practice of carving pumpkins for Halloween originated from an Irish myth about a man name “Stingy Jack” [34] The turnip has traditionally been used in Ireland and Scotland at Halloween,[35] but immigrants to North America used the native pumpkin, which are both readily available and much larger – making them easier to carve than turnips.[35] Not until 1837, does jack-o’-lantern appear as a term for a carved vegetable lantern,[36] and the carved pumpkin lantern association with Halloween is recorded in 1866.[37]

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