Some turtles, especially those specialized in diving, are highly reliant on cloacal respiration during dives.[5] They accomplish this by having a pair of accessory air bladders connected to the cloaca which can absorb oxygen from the water.[6] Various fish, as well as polychaete worms and even crabs, are specialized to take advantage of the constant flow of water through the cloacal respiratory tree of sea cucumbers while simultaneously gaining the protection of living within the sea cucumber itself. At night, many of these species emerge from the anus of the sea cucumber in search of food.[7]

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