The U.S. states of Hawaii, Alaska and Oregon, Vermont, and South Dakota do not recognize Columbus Day at all; however, the states mark the day with an alternative holiday or observance.
South Dakota, Alaska, and Vermont have replaced Columbus Day with an official state holiday known as Indigenous Peoples’ Day.[18] [19] They wanted to recognize the sacrifice and contributions of American Indians rather than celebrate an explorer who opened up the Americas to European colonization and displacement of indigenous peoples.[20] [21] [22] As of 2016, over 40 US jurisdictions celebrate Indigenous Peoples’ Day, the majority have replaced Columbus Day but some acknowledge both holidays. [23][24][25][26][27][28][29]
Hawaii celebrates Discoverers’ Day on the same day, to commemorate the Polynesian discoverers of Hawaii.[30][31] Protesters continue to object to any marking of Columbus’ discovery.[32] The state government does not treat either Columbus Day or Discoverers’ Day as a legal holiday;[33] state, city and county government offices and schools are open for business.
Various tribal governments in Oklahoma designate the day Native American Day, or name the day after their own tribes.[34]
Oregon does not recognize Columbus Day; schools and public offices remain open.[35] Neither Iowa and Nevada celebrate Columbus Day as an official holiday, but the states’ respective governors are “authorized and requested” by statute to proclaim the day each year.[36]
Several other states have removed Columbus Day as a paid holiday for government workers while still maintaining Columbus Day either as a day of recognition or a legal holiday for other purposes. These include California and Texas.[37][26][38][39] For California state employees, Columbus Day was exchanged for Cesar Chavez Day on March 31.[40]

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